Hindu epic poem about the love of Radha and Krishna, composed by Jayadeva in Sanskrit in the 12th century. Divided into 12 chapters of 24 prabandha, each containing groups of eight couplets (ashtapadi ) and other metric types. After each stanza there is a refrain (dhruvā), which is musically distinct yet completes the sense of the stanza. The manuscript sources specify a rāga and a tāla for each of the 24 songs, but local preferences often replace them. The Gīta-Govinda is the primary source of texts for popular Hindu songs, the bhajan, and the poetic conventions are those of classical Hindustani and Karnatak music.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

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